The 'Science of 8 Limbs' - Muay Thai Movements
Muay Thai is ‘The science of 8 limbs’ – a
Thai fighting style developed over thousands of years. No one knows
exactly when Muay Thai was first practiced but it was considered
a high art and part of the Thai Royal Court curriculum from around
1238AD. Apart from hand to hand uses in warfare, Muay Thai was considered
a prestigious activity - with former Kings of Thailand sending
their sons to train with temple monks as it was believed that bravery
and fitness from training would lead to great and brave rulers.
Around 1604, King Narai, a lover of sports, helped to make Muay
Thai widely available and soon many local playgrounds featured roped
off areas for boxing training.
In 1767, Thailand was at war with the Burmese and a champion boxer
Nai Kahnomtom was captured by the Burmese king Angwa. King Angwa
called for a boxing match, the first Muay Thai match outside of Thailand
and Nai Kahnomtom defeated all ten Burmese challengers in succession,
with no rest at all between the ten fights.
As a result, Nai Khanomtom was honored as The Father
of Muay Thai and the day of the fight, March 17th is now officially
Thai day’ in Thailand.
Shakes Elbow. Either elbow can be used. If balance is lost from
grappling, or the fighter finds themselves grappled under
armpit- then elbow is used from below to strike and push
the opponent off balance instead.
King Rama Steps on the City. A counter
attack where the left foot is placed on the opponent’s
shin or upper leg- which allows the attacker to kick to the
neck or face of the opponent.
Triple Attack. The defender steps
inside the attacker’s
punch and counter attacks with a dual fist to the chin and
a knee to the body.
Cut the Giant's Neck. An advanced technique, where the
attacker jumps up to strike simultaneously with both knees
under the chin and both elbows to the crown, or top of the
Swing Back Kick. Stepping forward, the attacker swings
the leg to kick to the jaw or ribs with the heel of the foot.
Monkey Presents the Ring. The defender
steps inside the attackers punch and punches with both fists
under the tip of the chin- also called ‘MAD SOI DAO KOO’-
or the dual uppercut.
The Rat Walks on the Line. After the punch is thrown,
the defender grapples the arm, leaning backwards to remove
power from the punch whilst using the knee to counter attack
to the body.
Giant Throws the Axe. The attacker
uses the opponent’s body to jump high then strikes
with the hand or elbow to the top of the head or face.
See Tony Jaa execute
these and other Muay Thai moves in ONG BAK - Grounded
Feet, Crocodile Tail, Elephant Face, Hanuman's Ring, Bolting
Horse, The Ogre's Sword, The Fall of Hera, Soldiers Marching
and Mad Elephant.